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Cordova (also spelled Cordoba) is a 3rd municipal income class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. Most of Cordova lies on separate islands off the southern coast of Mactan Island. It is connected to the main island of Mactan by two bridges with a third to be opened by 2020.
According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,712. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 34,273 registered voters.
Cordova is not the original name of the territory it represents, and neither is it named for the city of Cordoba, Spain. On 22 May 1863, Governor General Rafael Echague created a new town comprising the barrios of Gabi, Day‑as and Pilipul (now called Pilipog), all of which are located on the southeastern tip of Mactan Island. He chose the name Cordoba which means “stark nakedness and bare”.
Cordova became a municipality in 1864, and from 1913 up to the present, a total of 15 mayors governed the district.
Geographically, Cordova consists of a main island, bordering on and separated from Mactan Island by a narrow stream, as well as the islets of Gilutongan (also spelled Hilutungan), Nalusuan, Shell, Tongo and Lava. The two islets of Gilutongan and Nalusuan are part of the Olango Island Group in the middle of the Cebu Strait. Its land area is 789.6 hectares (1,951 acres), of which 740.85 hectares (1,830.7 acres) constitutes the main island and 48.75 hectares (120.5 acres) are outlying islets.
The surface of the town consists entirely of karstic limestone rock geologically associated with the Plio-Pleistocene Carcar Formation, dated to 2½–3 million years ago. The topography of Cordova is flat land, the highest point being only 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level.